Tariq Bin Ziyad – The Conquest of Spain

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After arriving on the waterfront strip ignoring the stone which was later named “Jabal-ul-Tariq” (Gibraltar), his hero Tariq Bin Ziyad demanded the consumption of the boats that had brought his Muslim soldiers from ‘Africa 711 AD

What are you doing this for? Sir?’ cried the shocked fighters. How could we come back? Asked a few. Tariq was not affected by these requests.

In response, he articulated these notable words, which will consistently inspire individuals to take bold action. He said, “We didn’t come here to come back. We may win and build on a good foundation here or die. Encouraged by these words. Tariq and his fighters led one of the West’s most considerable multitudes and carried the flag of Islam even beyond the high dividers of the
Pyrenees.

Shortly after the disappearance of the Holy Prophet of Islam (SAW), Muslims were compromised on all sides. The mighty contiguous empires of the Romans and Persians were striving to suppress this new power. However, the Arabs passed this test and crushed the world’s two greatest empires, and in less than 50 years their weapons have exerted influence on all three known land masses.

Islamic principles of equality and brotherhood enabled the conquered and newly converted generations to participate in government with the Arab elders. Islam recognizes no distinction between caste and creed and wherever talent is found it is easily condescending. That is why all capable slaves have held the highest positions in the Islamic system and many slave families have ruled with flying colors over Muslim subjects.
Tariq bin Ziyad, a Berber slave, was a lieutenant of Musa bin Nasir, the Muslim viceroy of Africa. The Berber slave was destined to conquer Spain, the largest Muslim region in Europe, which held the torch of Muslim-dominated civilization for eight centuries, which ultimately brought down the sadness that plagued the country. Medieval Europe.

From now on, as Africa enjoyed the favors of mercy, fairness and prospered under Muslims, neighboring Spain groaned under the oppression and fanaticism of its Gothic ruler. Ladies’ honor was unreliable, and land turners were subject to heavy taxation. Executives and their associates revel in extravagance while the majority groan in need. Countless pariahs from Spain both
Christians and Jews who had lived under the Gothic banner had taken refuge in Muslim Africa. One of them was Julien, the governor of Ceuta, whose granddaughter Florinda had been despised by Roderick, the Gothic king of Spain. They spoke to Musa to free their country from the burden of the despot.

Because of their prayer and with the consent of the Caliph, Musa observed the southern coast of Spain. The report was positive and in May 711 Tariq bin Zaid with 7,000 Muslims crossed the strait aboard ships in small contingents. When his soldiers arrived in Europe, Tariq concentrated them on a slope, which took the name of “Jabl-ul-Tariq” (The Rock of Tariq) now called Gibraltar, and encouraged them to win or die. They did not have
goal to go home.

Gothic King Roderick assembled a large army of over a million soldiers. Tariq was also reinforced by the 5,000 soldiers sent by Moses and now has an army of 12,000. The two armies met at the mouth of the Barbet River, on the shores of a Janda lake, and fought a decisive battle on July 9, 711. The two armies were unequal. The Christians were unbearable by Tariq and the Goths were completely defeated with terrible losses. King Roderick drowned in the river. This glorious victory for Tariq demoralized the Spaniards, and they no longer dared to openly confront the Muslims.

Thus, Tariq’s military encountered few obstacles inside Spain. It was a victorious march from one place to another on the peninsula. Tariq had isolated his small armed force into four divisions and guided one of his lieutenants towards Cordoba, the other towards Malaga, the third towards Granada, and himself, at the top of the primary corps, hastily marched on Toledo, the capital of Spain. This charge of urban areas gave way in the absence of much opposition. The Goths were crippled by the speed of Tariq’s development and the severity of his blows. The Gothic soldiers escaped before him. “God,” says one expert, “has filled the hearts of idolaters with fear and prudence. The mistreated masses of Spain hailed Muslims as their liberators. The model treatment of Tariq and
his men charmed him to the vanquished races.

The fiercest clash of the entire mission took place in Ecija, resulting in the triumph of Tariq’s powers. Toledo, the capital of Spain, also relented after little obstruction. Here, Tariq was joined by his master Musa bin Nusair, the Muslim viceroy of Africa. Now the two commanders moved side by side and in less than two years all of Spain was in Muslim hands. Portugal was defeated a few years later. “This established the last and most shocking of the great Arab crusades,” writes Philip K. Hitti, “and caused the expansion to the Muslim universe of the largest European region at all times owned by them. In its speed of execution and the completeness of its accomplishment, this company in Spain has a
novel in the Annales Militaires Médiévales.

Musa and Tariq could easily have conquered all of Europe that fell at their feet. There was no question of stopping his triumphant march, but Providence meant something else. He was summoned by the Caliph to Damascus as he planned to conquer Europe. Obeying the order of the Caliph, they arrived in Damascus as soon as possible and displayed rare discipline. Tariq died there later.

The victory of Spain by the Muslims opens another period for the Peninsula. He achieved a social transformation where the desirability of religion was fully seen. Tolerance and mistreatment of Christians gave way to mercy and a big heart. The captured Christian urban communities obtained good conditions which were faithfully noticed. Individual displays of brutality by Muslim fighters have been seriously rejected. No property or domain has been entered. All other things being equal, the Muslims presented a clever arrangement for collecting taxes, which soon brought success to the Peninsula and made it a model country in the West. Christians had their own judges to resolve their debates. All groups of people had equal freedoms to
passage in public administrations.

This clever liberal organization of Muslim heroes has had great impacts. Christians, including their clergymen, who had initially left their homes in fear, returned and led happy and prosperous lives. A notable Christian author says: “The Moors (Muslims) coordinated this superb kingdom of Cordoba, which was the wonder of the Middle Ages, and which, when all of Europe was plunged into oblivion and gross difficulty, only held
the light of knowledge and of civilization, splendid and sparkling before the Western world.


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